backgammon

Backgammon

Is a game played by moving stones on a board or table designed with lines

the objective of the game is to race towards a goal, with the movement of the stones being dictated by the throw a pair of dice.

Chance and skill are essential and necessary to be in balance so that each would contribute victory.

Early forms of backgammon are even older than most other forms of games and may date from as early as 3000 BC. The ancient Romans played a game, Ludus Duodecim Scriptorum meaning Twelve-lined Game, which was identical to present day backgammon.

Backgammon is played by two persons. The board is comprised of four sections, or tables, designed with 24 narrow wedgelike illustrations, or points, or 12 on each section, in two alternating colors.

Also, a vertical line or bar divides the board in half, separating the "inner" and "outer" tables. There are 30 stones, comprising of two colors for the opposing players. Opposing stones are moved from point to point in opposite directions around the board, the exact number of points to be moved is determined by the dice. The two resulting numbers may be applied separately to two different stones or, in turn, to one. "Doublets" (identical numbers on the pair of dice) are counted as twice their value; e.g., two 5s count as four 5s or 20.

A point occupied by two or more stones of one color is "made" by that player and cannot be occupied by the opponent. A single stone on a point is a "blot," liable to be "hit" by an adverse stone landing on that point. If hit, a blot is picked up and placed on the bar, and the owner may make no other move until it is reentered. Reentry must be made in the adverse inner table upon an open point of the same number as is cast with either die.

On getting all 15 of a player's stones into his own base (inner) table, a player may begin "bearing off" - moving his stones to an imaginary point beyond the edge of the gameboard. The player who first bears off all 15 stones wins the game. If the loser has borne off at least one piece his stone, the game would be called a single; if unfortunately, he has borne off none, it is called a gammon and would count as a double; and if in addition he has any stone left in the winner's base (inner) table, it is called a backgammon and would count triple.

 
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